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Kilim information and history
The kilim: Many people wonder where the word kilim comes from. The word kilim is the word for the particular weaving technique of the kilim rugs. The kilims are woven very flat from sheep or camel wool, so the kilims are quite flat and do not have a wool pile that you often see with other carpets. Kilims are made by hand from beautiful colors, often 10 different colors are used for 1 kilim!
The beautiful kilims have an intricate geometric pattern that have a meaning. Some kilims are made from goat or camel hair. The kilims and the beautiful decorative pillows are woven from Aghanistan, Russia, Turkey and Morocco.The special of the Kelim weaving technique is that the patterns are usually the same on both sides, so there is no front or back The colors traditionally used for the kilims and the kilim decorative pillows are red, pink, ivory, blue and green.
By whom and how were kilims made?
The women of the tribes used to weave the beautiful kilims. After shearing the flock, they combed the sheep's wool and sorted the wool for their beautiful color and good quality. Then she spun and dyed the wool.
They did the dyeing with natural dyes, but when several colors of synthetic paint came on the market, they made grateful use of them because the dyeing with natural dyes took much longer and they could now weave much more and more beautiful colors with synthetic paint. The women wove the kilims on a loom that lay flat in the tent. The wider the loom, the wider the rug. Every kilim is different and unique, no one is the same
New and old kilims. The old and used kilims are not named after the tribe but after the region or village where they are woven. The women who weaved these kilims and belonged to the tribe did not travel all year round, but often they traveled in the summer and in the winter they returned to the village. In Turkey, traveling around by tribes is opposed by the government.
As a result, the nomads live more and more in the villages and the lifestyles have almost disappeared the tradition of kilim weaving. That development has been going on for many years. Of course, beautiful kilims are still made by hand, but no longer in the amount as 40 years ago. In these times it is possible to buy a factory-made kilim. But the handmade kilims remain even more beautiful!
The use of kilims? Kilims were previously not made for sale, but for personal use. Besides the fact that kilims tapeites and decorative cushions were very beautiful, it was also used against the cold, or to shield things.
The kilims were also used as a prayer rug or to cover the floor in the tent. In many tribes, it was normal that when a marriage took place to give a few new kilims as a stake for the bride. It was also a common tradition to give the mother-in-law a kilim. In countries such as Turkey, the kilims were often given to the mosque, which was then used as a prayer rug in the mosque.